What types of retirement accounts exist, and what's the difference?
IRA: Standard pre-tax contribution account. Gains are not taxed. Withdrawals are taxed as ordinary income.
ROTH: Standard post-tax contribution account. Withdrawals and gains are not taxed if taken after age 60.
401(k): employer sponsored contribution account. can have both pre-tax and post-tax assets in it and often includes matching contributions by the employer.
403(b): Pre-tax employer sponsored account available to employees of public schools, colleges, universities, charities, state governments, local governments and other tax-exempt entities under section 501(c)(3) of the IRS code.
TSP: Pre-tax account available to government employees, both civilian and military and functions very much like a 401(k)
Profit sharing (Keogh): These types of plan are usually for self-employed individuals and can be rolled into an IRA if no contributions are being made.
457: Is another type of pre-tax account available to some of the
entities listed after 403(b)
Taxable: A typical brokerage account funded with after tax dollars. Realized gains are taxed. Sometimes referred to as “Individual Taxable” or “Joint Taxable”.
- Are you registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission?
- What types of investment products do you support?
- I can't find any contact information -- can I speak to a human?
- Where do you get your data for employer-sponsored retirement plans?
- Why do you ask for my age and expected retirement age?
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- Why do you recommend selling a fund that has performed well in the past?
- Should I switch to Roth contributions in my 401(k)?
- Why do you recommend buying VEA in a tax-sheltered account?
- How do I determine my risk tolerance?
- Why are you recommending an ETF that has mediocre or even poor performance?
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- Does FutureAdvisor provide tax advice?
- Do you take taxes into consideration when allocating between taxable accounts and retirement accounts?
- Your choices when rolling over a 401(k) containing employer stock
- What is a Backdoor Roth? Is a Backdoor Roth IRA right for me?
- Your options for tax efficient educational savings
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- Do I need to transfer my accounts?
- Can I transfer one account type into another account type (ex: Roth to an Individual)?
- How long will it take to transfer my money during enrollment?
- Do I have to liquidate my funds in order to transfer them?
- Should I consider taxes when liquidating funds prior to transferring them?
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- How is FutureAdvisor’s management fee charged?
- What fees can FutureAdvisor help me reduce or avoid?
- Is FutureAdvisor's Premium management fee included in the retirement projections on my dashboard?
- Can FutureAdvisor's management fee be paid by credit or debit card?
- Why do I have such a high fee score on my dashboard?
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- Can FutureAdvisor place specific trades that I request in my account?
- I am holding a Mutual Fund or ETF that I really like, can I hold on to it?
- Will I be able to place my own trades in the accounts that you manage for me?
- How does the algorithm decide how and what to invest in?
- If I sign up, will you do anything other than make the recommended trades you've shown me?
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- I already have a 529 plan. Can I roll it over for FutureAdvisor to manage?
- Can I sign up for an education account if I'm already a Premium client?
- Why do you feature the New Hampshire 529 Plan if I’m not living in that state?
- What is the difference between a 529 and a Coverdell? Which does FutureAdvisor recommend?
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